Zambia lies south of the African continent, and is a landlocked country however, it lies on an Endorheic basin and shares this rare form of inland water with only 48 other countries around the world. Zambia is bordered by countries Angola, DRC, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia. It has a population of 16,212,000 people with the main language being English throughout the country and spoken in schools as well as business. Other languages include Bemba, Chewa, Lozi, Lunda, Nyanja and Tonga.
Zambia was inhabited by various tribes; prominent nations included the Bantu people as well as Khoisan people. Research and the findings of a hominid skull reveals ancient life existed in the region as well as camping site tools that dates back to 36,000 years ago.
Various Bantu empires ruled the region of Zambia in the 12th century; some include the Maravi Empire who expanded within the Malawi region. In the 18th century, the first European explorers to set foot in Zambia were the Portuguese, many other European explorers followed suit, including Scottish explorer David Livingstone, who had a dream to disbar slave trade with the three Cs: Christianity, Commerce and Civilization.
In 1923 British colonisation took place for several years until Zambia’s independence came in 1962.
Zambia is a country striving to become economically strong. Even though many of its citizens live below poverty line, the country tries to strengthen sectors such as mining, agriculture, tourism and more sectors.
Business opportunities & economy
The country’s main sectors are in agriculture, which employs many of the locals. Other sectors include mining, manufacturing, media and sport. The country offers great prospects for business investors and lies 117th place on the Global Competitive Index.
Some business prospects:
• Agriculture – leasing of agricultural equipment like tractors and other machinery.
• Food processing – there are opportunities to venture into this industry as grain and maize are staple foods.
• Transportation – trucks can be used as a means of transporting goods and can be a lucrative business investment.
• Public transportation – buses and mini buses
There are job opportunities for qualified individuals looking to work in Zambia, most would be in the main sectors mentioned above.
The health care systems in Zambia are of high standards within the private hospitals, however, rural areas or government hospitals may not offer the same. Health insurance is imperative in order to cover the costs.
Zambia has government schools, church schools, private and international schools. There are a variety of international schools within Lusaka and lots of good schools throughout. Most of the international schools curricula are based on that of British or American schools.