Tanzania is located in east Africa within the African Great Lakes region; it is bordered by neighbouring countries Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique. The country enjoys the Indian Ocean in the east and has the iconic Kilimanjaro Mountain in the north-eastern region of the country. Major languages spoken in the country is Bantu, Cushitic, Nilotic, Khoisan with English and Swahili being the official languages.
Archaeological findings in the Olduvai George areas include a stone cutting tool dating back to an estimate of 1.8 million years ago. The region was also rich in discoveries unfolding proof of early inhabitants. Historic findings show Tanzania to also have been inhabited by older civilizations dating to over 2000 years.
In 1948, after the Portuguese explored the region, they later began colonizing. War broke out between the Omani Arabs and the Portuguese for part of the south-east region, of which the Arabs were victorious. Arab slave trade was rife in Zanzibar Tanzania which was then known as Arab Swahili Zanzibar and one of the people involved was the notorious slave trader Tippu Tip. Around 90% of those in the Arab Swahili Zanzibar region were made into slaves in the 19th century. Slave traders would often receive money and weapons as well as build their armies in exchange for the slaves.
After WWI and WWII and many other political and national struggles, the country eventually gained independence in 1961. In 1963 with the Zanzibar Revolution which overthrew the Arab powers and thus gained independence for the region as well. The two nations agreed to the separation but the name Tanzania is still a tribute to their relations with Zanzibar. “Tan” from Tanganyika and “Zan” from Zanzibar.
Tanzania’s economy is steadily growing but it is still rated as one of the poorest countries in the world. The country offers many positive business prospects within its main sectors and good investment opportunity.
Business opportunities & economy
Tanzania is steadily trying to bring up its economy by utilizing growth within the main sectors which are agriculture, infrastructure, tourism and mining. It was also recorded that the country was one of the fastest to generate revenue toward their GDP between years 2009-2013 at 3.5% per year, which is higher than other countries on the EAC. Some of the country’s trading partners include China, Switzerland, UAE and South Africa.
There are many investment opportunities within the country and some include the following sectors:
• Telecommunications and information technology
• Real estate
• Logistics and warehousing
Jobs for foreigners are rare since the election of the new president. The country is only looking to employ foreign workers if they possess a scarce skill or are exceptional for the post. Tanzanian immigration permits exist for different industries.
Tanzania has a high rate of disease within the country and foreigners are encouraged to take the necessary vaccinations before travelling to the country and have medical insurance as major procedures will need to be done in South Africa.
The country has a literacy level of over 60%. Schools include private, government and a few international schools.
Contact Visafrican is you wish to operate a business, hire and employ staff or simply wish to enter the country for an extended period of time.