Namibia lies within the southern regions of the African continent and is bordered by countries South Africa, Zambia, Angola, with the western regions of the country being bordered by the Atlantic Ocean. It has an estimated population of 2,113,077 people. Languages spoken in the country include English, the country’s official language as well as Oshiwambo, Nama, Otjiherero, Caprivi, Kavango and San. Afrikaans and German is also spoken in the country due to colonial influences, however, the country stigmatised these languages due to prior oppression.
In earlier years, some of the first inhabitants within this region were the San, Damara and Nama tribes. In the 14th century the Bantu people arrived and settled throughout the region from central parts of Africa.
The country’s name was inspired by the Namib Desert which is considered to be one of the oldest deserts in the world. During colonial years the country was known as “Deutsch-Sudwestafrika” or German South-West Africa. Namibia was colonised by the Germans in the 1800’s and later by South Africa in 1915 after helping to defeat the Germans during WW1. The country experienced genocide during German rule as well as apartheid during South African rule.
Independence came for Namibia in March 1990.
Namibia made a successful transition to democracy. National reconciliation is a promoted policy by the Namibian government. Even though the country is one of the wealthier countries in Africa, as with many other African countries, wealth distribution is uneven leaving most of the population living under the poverty line. The impact of colonialism usually deprives many countries from being able to recover economically in an efficient way which creates socio economic imbalances amongst the nation.
Business opportunities and economy
Namibia’s primary sector is agriculture, and more than half of the population depends on this sector for its livelihood, whilst the country also imports foods from other countries. The country is rated as MIC (Middle Income Class), however wealth distribution is uneven. The country offers many opportunities for business investors in leading sectors such as tourism as well as mining. Mining contributes largely towards the country’s GDP, with tourism being another major player in economic growth.
Investment opportunities are most welcome in these industries:
- Real estate
- Construction and infrastructure
- Food processing
Job opportunities are available for qualified individuals in various sectors.
Malaria and HIV/AIDS is rife in the country and immigrants should ensure that they take necessary medication for malaria beforehand. The country has good medical care facilities however; the poor majority are not able to afford proper health care. There are over 300 hospitals and clinic facilities in the country.
The country has government schools for primary and secondary scholars as well as international and private schools.
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