Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)
The DRC has many name variants including DR Congo, DRC, DROC, Congo Kinshasa but more commonly just: Congo. It is boarded by The Republic of Congo, South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Angola and the Atlantic Ocean on its west. DRC is home to an estimate population of 81,680,000 people speaking over 240 different languages of which French is predominantly spoken throughout the country. Other languages include Lingala, Tshiluba and Kituba.
Research revealed that some of the earliest people inhabited Congo over 80 000 years ago due to the discovery of an ancient Semliki Harpoon at Katanga in 1988. Research also suggests that some of these earlier inhabitants were San Bushmen and other groups of hunting tribes who later spread out across the rest of the country.
In the Congo Free State between the years 1870’s and 1920’s, Belgium explorers discovered this region of Africa and began taking control of the locals who resided in the region. Slave raiding and trading was mainly influenced by Arab Swahili slave traders like Tippu Tip. Apart from the slave trade and raids, Leopold enforced cruel measures like amputating limbs to make the public work to produce rubber for his international trades and formed the Force Publique to ensure all obeyed. The country was also later plagued by diseases such as small pox and sleep sickness.
The UK instructed the Belgium rulers in the Belgium Congo section of the country to take over the Free State (where Leopold ruled) and to set new rules and legislation as Belgian Congo. The country partook in WWI as well as WWII and was a lucrative asset to Belgium.
Even through all the struggles the country faced over the years, it gained independence and worked on building stability within the country. Civil war and crimes against humanity has caused many of the locals to flee and seek refuge in other African countries.
Economy – Estimate GDP
The Republic of Congo experiences frequent unrest between rebels and local government and it has damaged the country from being able to grow. However, the DRC is rich with natural precious minerals making its mining sector of major importance towards the economy. There is plenty of investment opportunity within the country in the following primary industries:
- Agribusiness – production and packaging of livestock, eggs, chicken, dairy and other to cut on import costs
- Mining – new equipment and mining resources such as copper
- Telecom and ITC – Internet and mobile phones and mobile networks
- Logistics and warehousing – transportation and warehouses for storage
Education systems in the country fairs well when compared to some other African countries revealing a literacy level of ±79%, which was a great improvement after the civil war in the 90’s that lasted for 6 years deprived local children from their education. However, the system is not on par with developing and newly industrialized countries and there are not many international schools only a few in Kinshasa.
The health care system within the country is not stable on its own and many people lose their lives due to illness, the country also has the 2nd highest infant mortality in the world. The country received health care assistance from The Global Alliance for Vaccines which helped make a vaccine for pneumococcal disease. Visitors to the country should ensure they take their vaccinations before hand as diseases such as Yellow Fever and Malaria is common within the country. Kinshasa has some good private hospitals but major procedures should be done overseas.
Jobs are available in major sectors for qualified expatriates. Our business services will cover any work permit, and for those wishing to run any sort of company, we can assist with registration, accounting and much more.
Get in touch with us at Visafrican to move ahead on your immigration permit to enter the Democratic Republic of Congo.