Angola is one of the countries in Africa that has had its fair share of the curse of the oil industry. The oil fields and rigs that have brought many jobs and much business to the country have also changed the economy vastly.
History of the country
Angola’s history dates back many years, with the first recorded inhabitants being Khoisan and Bantu people. Over the years the land was divided by different tribes which were later established, and trading methods developed between these groups. In 1485, the Portuguese occupied the country and began colonisation with slave trades and various rulings.
After the country was liberated from Portuguese rule, it led to a prolonged civil war that cost the lives of many people. As a result, the war left the country damaged with many negative aspects such as bankruptcy, humanitarian problems and vast minefields. With the help of international authorities, Angola slowly began to recover from its hardships of the past and today presents a healthier growing economy.
Economy and estimated GDP
The country’s economy steadily grows despite the damage to natural resources such as seen in the mining industry due to the civil war. The country not only has fertile soil for agriculture but also bears natural resources like copper, diamonds and gold, but is also Africa’s largest oil producers. Angola has the fasted growing economy and an estimated GDP of around $131 billion, and reports show it to be the 5th largest economy within Africa.
In the 1920’s Angola had an illiteracy rate of 42% of the adult population. However, efforts to improve this issue resulted in new regulations for the country’s education system. Primary education a duration of 6 years, 3 years for secondary, with secondary year students eligible to the options of 3 year vocational and 4 year technical programs. The country also affords immigrants and expatriate children access to international schools.
Where to Stay
Angola has vast beautiful landscapes, lavish beaches and tourist attractions. However, there are some areas rife with crime aimed at foreigners such as the Cabinda provinces. It is encouraged that travellers and foreign expats not explore Luanda at night due to muggings that occur. For info on the best places to reside and expat communities, it’s important to consult the assistance of professional expat or immigration services and organisations like Visafrican.
Before relocating to a new country, it’s always best to secure your job to make the process easier and to avoid the hassle of job hunting. However, finding work is possible and being able to speak Portuguese is a major advantage. Important sectors within the country include the oil industry and the country often needs the expertise of skilled engineers.
For immigration permit and visa services to work or do business in Angola, navigate to our Angolan immigration permits page page.