The country of Nigeria lies on the west of the African continent and is bordered by countries Benin in the west, Cameroon and Chad on the east, Niger on the north and the Gulf of Guinea is located to the south. It has an estimate population of 182,202,000 (2016) which is the 7th largest populated country in the world. There are over 500 languages spoken within the country with English being the official language.
Historic recordings show that Nigeria was populated by the ancient Nok civilization an estimate 1000BC. They were some of the first recorded inhabitants within the Sub-Saharan region to produce life sized terracotta sculptures. The Noks were made up of tribes that form the ancestral background to the Birom, Hausa, Gwari, Kanuri, Nupe and Jukun.
During the 16th century the Spanish and Portuguese explorers were among the first to trade with Nogerian inhabitants, which would later result in the Atlantic Slave Trade. The country had one of the largest populations of slaves, an estimate of 2 million. In 1807, Britain banned slave trade. In the 19th century the British colonized the country which forms most of the bases of it’s modern development as seen today. The British established legislation via the chiefdoms within the land. The country experienced major unrest being involved with war partially British protectorate and partially fighting for independence.
In 1960 Nigeria gained independence from the UK as a Commonwealth Realm.
In 2014 Nigeria was one of several countries to have directly been effected by the Ebola virus, but actively and effectively managed to contain and eliminate the virus. The country is also nicknamed the Giant of Africa due to the large population and GDP. Even though the country has a steady growing economy, many Nigerians live below the poverty line. The country is also known for corruption and organized crime.
Economy – Estimate GDP
In 2015, Nigeria was recorded as the 20th country with the largest economy an estimate of more than 500 billion USD. Nigeria has a mixed economy and has reached middle income status, with the Nigerian Stock Exchange being the 2nd largest in Africa. The country has managed to grow leaps and bounds in development of sectors such as communications, agriculture, manufacturing, mining, services and transport. It is the 10th largest producer of petroleum and its exportation brings in around 40% of the country’s GPD and 80% of government earnings.
More than 60% of the Nigerian population is literate and the education system is made up of kindergarten, primary and secondary then further tertiary. There are several international schools within the country.
The health care systems within the country is not as advanced as that of Western countries. However, there are many improvements such as reports in 2014 that the country is heading closer to being declared polio free. Nigeria was also the first country to contain and eliminate the Ebola virus during its outbreak and it’s methods adapted in Ebola threatened regions of USA. There are government, private hospitals and dispensaries and expats should ensure that they have a good medical insurance to cover medical costs.
There are many scams pertaining to job offers or opportunities to simply live and work in the country; it is advised that expats should verify whether the company prospects are legit. Jobs for qualified expats include IT, journalism and health science.
Where to Stay
Infrastructure is not fully developed within the country and many households with electricity around 50% of the population, experiences power outages and thus the use of generators is common in Abuja and Lagos. Many make use of mobile phone as a means of communication and for internet connection.